Table of Content


1. Aristotle’s Concept of Essence

2. Likeness as
Representation of the Self

3. Wittgenstein’s
Concept of Family

4. Likeness as
of “self”

5. Master of Arts Art Exhibition




The Representation and Reality of the Self in Art


1. Aristotle. Metaphysics. London: Penguin Books Ltd, 1998.

2. Bell, Julian. What is Painting? Representation and Modern Art. New York, New York: Thames and Hudson, 1999.

3. Bonafoux, Pascal. Rembrandt: Self-Portrait. New York, New York: Rizzoli International Publications, Inc., 1985.

4. Bramann, Jorn K. Wittgenstein’s Tractatus and the modern arts. Rochester, New York: Adler Publishing Company, 1985.

5. Breckenridge, James Douglas. Likeness, Conceptual History of Ancient Portraiture. Illinois, Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1968.

6. Chapman, H. Perry. Rembrandt’s Self-Portraits: A Study in Seventeenth-Century Identity. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1990.

7. Churchland, Patricia Smith. Neurophilosophy: Toward a Unified Science of the Mind-Brain. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1986.

8. Churchland, Paul M. Matter and Consciousness: A Contemporary Introduction to the Philosophy of Mind. Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1988.

9. Copeland, Jack. Artificial Intelligence: A Philosophical Introduction. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers Inc, 1993.

10. Dennett, Daniel Clement. Consciousness Explained. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1991.

11. Drury, Elizabeth. Self-portraits of the World’s Greatest Painters. London: PRC Publishing Ltd, 1999.

12. Elkins, James. What Painting Is? New York, New York: Routledge, 1999.

13. Gombrich, Ernst Hans. Art and illusion: A Study in the Psychology of Pictorial Representation. London: Phaidon, 1972.

14. Gombrich, Ernst Hans. The Story of Art. Michigan, Ann Arbor: Lowe & B. Hould, 1989.

15. Hagberg, Garry. Art as language: Wittgenstein, meaning, and aesthetic theory. New York, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1995.

16. Ivy, Jeanne. “The exploration of Self: What artist find when they search in the mirror” [article on-line] (Baltimore, Maryland: The University of Maryland, Baltimore County, accessed 9 March 2002); available from; Internet.

17. Lawson-Tancred, Hugh. Introduction to Metaphysics, by Aristotle. London: Penguin Books Ltd., 1998.

18. Lucie-Smith, Edward. Art Today. London: Phaidon, 1999.

19. Martin, Luther H., Huck Gutman, Patrick H. Hutton, ed. Technologies of the self: a seminar with Michel Foucault. Amherst, Massachusetts: University of Massachusetts Press, 1988.

20. Mateas, Michael, “Expressive A.I.” in Siggraph 2000: Electronic art and animation catalog, 15-24. New York, New York: The Association for Computing Machinery, Inc., 2000.
McCloud, Scott. Understanding Comics: The invisible art. New York, New York: HarperPerennial, 1994.

20. Nochlin, Linda. “On Nancy (1968)” [article on-line] (Art in America, 1999, accessed 9 March 2002); available at; Internet.

21. Osborne, Harold. Aesthetics and Art Theory: An Historical Introduction. London and Harlow: Longmans, Green and Co. Ltd., 1968.

22. Osmond, Susan Fegley. “Rembrandt's Self-Portraits” [article on-line] (The Mind and Magazine, Washington: News World Communications, Inc., 2000, accessed 9 March 2002); available from; Internet.

23. Quine, Willard Van Orman, “On What There Is” in From a Logical Point of View. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1971.

24. Runes, Dagobert D, ed. Dictionary of Philosophy. Totowa, New Jersey: Littlefield, Adams and Co., 1975.

25. Russell, Bertrand, A History of Western Philosophy. New York, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1972.

26. Sobieszek, Robert A., Ghost in the Shell: Photography and Human Soul, 1850-2000. Los Angeles, California: LACMA & Cambridge, Massachusetts: The MIT Press, 1999.

27. Solso, Robert. Cognition and the Visual Arts. Cambridge, Massachussetts: The MIT Press, 1999.

28. Strickland, Carol and John Boswell. The Annotated Mona Lisa. Kansas City, Missouri: Andrews and McMeel, 1992.

29. Tilghman, Benjamin R. Wittgenstein, ethics, and aesthetics. New York, New York: State University of New York Press, 1991.

30. Wittgenstein, Ludwig. Philosophical Investigations. Massachusetts, Malden: Blackwell Publishers, Inc., 2001.

31. Wittgenstein, Ludwig. Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. New York, New York: Humanities Press, 1966.

32. Wright, Christopher. Rembrandt: Self-Portraits. New York, New York: The Viking Press, 1982.

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